Environmental Protection Agency
In the United States, the mission of the Environmental Protection Agency is to uphold standards of public health and protect the environment. The Environmental Protection Agency bases their efforts upon scientific information and enforces protection of the environment and its inhabitants, human, animal, and plants, with fair and effective policies established through the federal government. With the cooperation of communities, businesses, local, federal and tribal entities, the EPA has been a proven success in sustaining the eco-systems of the United States in a productive manner, setting the standard for global environment protection efforts.
Laws concerning water regulation enacted by the United States Congress are the basis of the regulations and policies of the EPA. Important water regulation of the Environmental Protection Agency have been enacted by the Clean Water Act and Safe Drinking Water Act. Other important legislation includes the laws to control and lessen the impact of hazards to our environment from atomic and fossil energy, conservation and recovery, and issues pertaining to public health.
Clean Water Act
The Clean Water Act allows the Environmental Protection Agency to protect waterways in the United States from the harmful effects of pollution. This water regulation includes man-made and natural ponds and lakes, wetlands and rivers. CWA was enacted in 1972 and mandated the restoration and maintenance of the waterways of the United States by:
- Setting standards for industries to control pollution.
- Requiring states and tribal entities to address water quality and develop pollution control programs.
- Creating processes of development in wetlands to ensure environmental quality.
- Authorizing the EPA to oversee emergency response situations of release of oil or other hazardous substances that are a threat to public welfare.
Safe Drinking Water Act
The Safe Drinking Water Act requires the Environmental Protection Agency to announce and enforce standards to ensure the quality of public drinking water systems. The types of contaminants and standards are extensive and amended regularly to reflect the latest scientific findings. The SWDA is applicable to every public water system in the United States.
Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments
Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments requires states and territories to develop nonpoint pollution programs. The CZARA mandates are under the joint auspice of EPA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act
Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act mandates drinking water systems must be periodically assessed for vulnerabilities to terrorist or other intentional malicious acts.