Your Irrigation System: Water Your Garden Efficiently and Effectively
The Flood Irrigation System
The Drip Irrigation System
Another irrigation system, drip irrigation, waters more precisely. Drip irrigation, also known as micro-irrigation or trickle irrigation, uses very thin plastic tubes, usually called drip tape, with small holes every few feet. These tiny holes usually release only a drop of water at a time. The grower lays the drip tape across the field alongside the plants and matches the small holes in the tape with the plants. When water is pumped through the drip tape, the drip system slowly waters each plant. This method prevents water loss to runoff. The system pumps the water directly into the ground, preventing the diseases that can occur when leafy material touches water. The drip tape is often buried an inch under the earth in order to protect the tape from tractors and to decrease the amount of water lost to evaporate. However, a drip irrigation system is expensive, and may cost over a thousand dollars per acre. Also, the drip tape can be easily clogged, requiring maintenance.